Viet Nam’s first-ever justice index was released yesterday, casting light on citizens’ feelings towards the country’s judicial procedures.
The findings revealed that some people have lost faith in the system due to the inefficiency of State agencies to meet legal requirements, address civil disputes and respond to administrative complaints.
The Justice Index 2012 polled more than 5,000 people from a cross-section of society across 21 provinces and cities nationwide.
Tellingly, one fifth of all complaints on the handling of social entitlement policy and environmental pollution prevention by state agencies revolved around the lack of feedback that citizens received from these agencies.
Meanwhile, about half of all land disputes and environmental complaints from the period were unresolved pending state action and 60 per cent of respondents thought that “local government prioritises economic growth over environmental protection.”
The survey found that it often took state agencies a longer time to handle administrative complaints than permitted by law, with some cases stretching to as long as 27 months.
Speaking at the launch of the index findings, Bakhodir Burkhanov, United Nations Development Programme Country Director in Viet Nam, said the findings captured citizens’ true assessments of the performance of state institutions in the administration of justice and adherence to the rule of law.
“Wealthier, better-educated citizens demand higher quality and more efficient services,” he said. “They want less bureaucracy and more accountability from authorities.”
According to nearly half of the surveyed people, land disputes were the most common type of disagreement and a “disturbing” issue in their localities. Up to 38 per cent of land disputes are related to land use rights certificates, compensation and reallocation.
Notably, four out of 10 citizens had never heard of the Constitution and of those who knew, 23 per cent were unaware that a Constitutional revision process is currently ongoing, according to the research team.
Professor Pham Duy Nghia from the Economic Law Department of HCM City Economic University said that the index was important in revealing how the population manoeuvres through the complicated legal system.
“We have to know how the additional 200 government resolutions released every year, along with countless other legal frameworks, can help and protect the people effectively, especially the poor and the needy,” Nghia said.
The Justice Index 2012 also ranks the 21 provinces where people were interviewed, with Da Nang seen to have the most effective justice system, followed by Son La, Lang Son, Hai Duong and Long An provinces. Khanh Hoa province was ranked at the bottom of the index.
Nguyen Ba Son, director of the Da Nang Department of Justice, said he hoped the index would soon be further developed and enhanced to allow provincial governments a closer look into justice areas for improvement.
The index was conducted by the Viet Nam Lawyers’ Association, the Centre for Community Support Development Studies and UNDP.